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According to the CDC, West Nile Virus (WNV) is the leading cause of mosquito-borne disease in the continental U.S. There is currently no vaccine, so prevention efforts and mosquito control are key. Although WNV is most common during the warm summer months, mosquito prevention and abatement measures must become part of daily life here in Texas.

A mosquito filled with blood on the arm of a human.

 

How is WNV spread?

Mosquitos are infected by West Nile Virus when they feed on infected birds. They can then spread the virus to humans and other animals when they bite them. WNV is NOT spread through coughing, sneezing, touching, or eating infected meat.

 

What are the symptoms of West Nile?

Eighty percent of people that contract WNV will show no symptoms. One in five people with the virus will experience mild symptoms like:

  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Body aches
  • Joint pain
  • Vomiting
  • Rash
  • Fatigue

A very small number of people (1 in 150) that contract WNV will experience severe symptoms like encephalitis, meningitis, stupor, coma, paralysis, numbness, and although very rare, even death.

 

How can you prevent West Nile?

Whenever you are in mosquito-inhabited areas, it is wise to wear long sleeved shirts and pants. Treating your clothing with permethrin or buying them pre-treated, has been shown to be effective at killing and repelling mosquitoes. It is also important to use a mosquito repellent. The CDC recommends using a repellent with DEET, picaridin, IR 3535 or Oil of lemon eucalyptus (OLE). If you need to apply sunscreen, use the sunscreen first and the bug spray second.

Mosquito abatement programs are also an important part of preventing the spread of WNV. Integrated Mosquito Management (IMM) uses a combination of methods to achieve the best results. IMM can be carried out by local governments, private companies, and more. These methods include things like larvae and pupae control, removing standing water, and using trucks and airplanes to spray mosquito adulticides.

There are also many things individual homeowners and communities can do to prevent mosquitoes:

  • Ensure that doors and windows have screens
  • Repair any holes or tears in screens
  • Use air conditioning if it is available
  • Get rid of standing water by regularly cleaning and dumping out planters, buckets, birdbaths, flower pots, and anything else that may collect water
  • Fix gutters, downspouts, and landscaping to prevent water puddles
  • Hire a professional pest control service to spray your yard and property regularly

 

Where can I get the best mosquito control in Anna, TX?

If you are looking for help with mosquito control in Anna, Texas and the surrounding area, look no further than EcoArmor Pest Defense. Our Mosquito Assassin Program will help keep your family safe and comfortable this summer. We also offer general pest control and help with fire ants, rodents, termites, and more. At EcoArmor, we know that the best offense is a great defense. Contact us today for more information.